Dealing With Non Retaliation: Romans 12:16

Charles e Whisnant, Pastor/Teacher, Student of the Word
Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men.
NEVER PAY BACK EVIL FOR EVIL TO ANYONE: medeni kakon anti kakou apodidontes (Ro 12:19; Pr 20:22; Mt5:39; 1Th 5:15; 1Pe 3:9 )
Never…to anyone – The first words in Greek for emphasis are literally “no one!”
Pay back (591) (apodidomi [word study] from apó = from + didomi =give) means literally to give back, implying that there is a debt and conveying the idea of an obligation and a responsibility that is not optional. In this context the idea is to recompense in a bad sense, to “reward” them back for what they gave us. It’s that spirit of “I’m going to get even no matter what.”
Nave’s Topic Revenge:
  1. Forbidden, Lev. 19:18; Pr. 2:29; Ro 12:17, 19; 1 Th 5:15; 1Pe 3:9.
  2. Jesus an example of forbearing, 1Pe 2:23.
  3. Rebuked by Jesus, Luke 9:54, 55.
  4. Inconsistent with a Christian spirit, Luke 9:55.
  5. Proceeds from a spiteful heart, Ezek. 25:15.
  6. Punishment for, Ezek. 25:15, 16, 17; Amos 1:11, 12.
  7. Exemplified
  8. By Simeon and Levi, Ge 34:25.
  9. By Samson, Jdg. 15:7, 8; 16:28, 29, 30.
BURYING THE HATCHET – Matthew 18:15-22
Every man should have a fair-sized cemetery in which to bury the faults of his friends.–Henry Ward Beecher
Christ the Lord our debt has paid— All our sins on Him were laid;We like Him should try to live,Always ready to forgive! —Bosch
To resent and remember brings strife;To forgive and forget brings peace.
For Further Thought – What happens to your fellowship with God when you hold a grudge? (Matthew 6:15). Can you think of someone you need to forgive?
1Corinthians 6:6,7; 13:4,5; 2Corinthians 8:20,21; Philippians 4:8,9; Colossians 4:5; 1Thessalonians 4:12; 1Thessalonians 5:22; 1Timothy 5:14; Titus 2:4,5; 1Peter 2:12; 3:16)
Hodge says “provide “signifies also to attend to, to care for. The sense then is, ‘Do not resent injuries, having regard to the good opinion of men,’ i.e. let a regard to the honor of religion and your own character prevent the returning of evil for evil.”
Provide:, Respect (4306) (pronoeo from pró = before + noieo = think, comprehend, observe, notice) means literally to think before, to observe in advance, to notice beforehand, to plan before, to plan carefully, to perceive in advance, to foresee and so to have regard for. Most of uses in secular Greek convey the idea of to care, to see to it that, make provision for, attend to. The the temporal meaning of observing in advance is rare.
The idea is to think about something ahead of time, giving it careful thought and consideration, with the implication that one can then respond appropriately. As used by Paul in the first epistle to Timothy to conveys the sense of thinking about another beforehand in a solicitous (showing consideration, full of concern, attentive) manner and so to care for or look after, with the implication of continuous responsibility.
Things honest or Right (2570) (kalos) also carries the idea of visibly and obviously having the right behavior when they are around others, especially unbelievers.
describes that which is inherently excellent or intrinsically good, providing some special or superior benefit. honest is good with emphasis on that which is beautiful, handsome, excellent, surpassing, precious, commendable, admirable
describes that which is inherently excellent or intrinsically good and/or that which provides some special or superior benefit.
In the sight of (1799) (enopion from en = in + ops =face, eye, countenance) means in the face of, in front of, or in the presence (sight) of everyone. The literal idea is that one is in a position in front of an entity (Revelation 7:15) and for all unbelievers before God Himself (Revelation 20:12).
Do things in such a way that everyone can see you are honorable. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everybody. Such exterior goodness is necessary because what we do as Christians is observed by those around us, and it is important that our conduct, which is open to “the eyes of everybody,” brings honor to our God.
The Christian response to being wronged is to do right toward your enemy, leaving all vengeance with God.
The wrong response to being wronged is to pay it back with wrong.
The right response when you are wronged is to do what is right toward your enemy.

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