Romans 9 God Is Righteous In All His Ways



ROMANS 9:16-23 JUNE 02, 2013



  1. Jonah 2:9 “Salvation is of the Lord.”
  2. I Corinthians 15:10 “I am what I am by the grace of God.”
  3. Philippians 2:13 “For it is God which works in you both to will and do of His good pleasure.”
  4. Acts 13:48 “And as many as were ordained to eternal life believed”
  5. Titus 1:11 “…..the faith of God’s elect.”
  6. John 15:16 “…ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you and ordained you.’”
  7. Ephesians 1:3 “…..we who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings.”
  8. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 “But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you. Because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation …”
  9. 2 Timothy 12:9 “Who hath saved us and called us with an holy calling, not according to to our works, but according to His own purposes and gracer, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world begun.”

THE THEME OF ROMANS: To teach justification by grace through faith. (The means whereby a person becomes a Christian)

  1. First Paul describes the sinful state of mankind.
  2. Second Paul tells us how men can be delivered from his sin
  3. Thirdly Paul speaks of the results of this great salvation:
    1. Peace with God.
    2. Standing with God.
    3. Hope of Glory
    4. Love of God.
    5. Recognition with God.
    6. Freedom from condemnation.
    7. Union with Christ.
    8. Victory over sin.
    9. Delivered from the Law.
    10. Fulfilling of the Law.
    11. Indw3elling Spirit.
    12. Adoptions as sons of God.
    13. Roles of heirs of God.

Romans 8 Eternal security gives us this promise of eternal inheritance, we are secure forever.

Romans 9-10 Answers the question: If all this is true why doesn’t Israel believe?

Romans 11 Answers : If God set aside the Jews, how do we know He want set us aside?

Paul then in chapter nine answers all these questions: Paul demonstrates Israel’s unbelief does not valate:

  1. God’s integrity: vs. 14
  2. God’s character: vs. 14-24
  3. God’s word or work is not altered: vs. 25-29
  4. God’s promises are not void: vs. 30-33

Paul gives a defense for God:

  1. Against unfairness.
  2. Violated promises.
  3. Loss of integrity.
  4. Violated prophecies.
  5. Have changed the rules in mid stream.

Paul gives in

  1. Vs. 6-13 God’s integrity.
  2. Vs 14-24 God’s character.

God then is not unrighteous in His sovereign choice as to receives salvation. Why? Because righteousness required of sinners is death.

Romans 9:16  Sothenit does not depend on the man who willsorthe man who runs, but on Godwho hasmercy. Did you come to God because you wanted to come to God? You would not have even wanted to unless God had placed that desire in your heart to even want Him. So it is not because you actively willed & purposed or resolved to come to God. (Ro 9:11; Genesis 27:1, 2, 3, 4,9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14; Psalms 110:3; Isaiah 65:1; Matthew 11:25,26; Luke 10:21; John 1:12,13; 3:8; 1Corinthians 1:26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31; Ephesians 2:4,5; Philippians 2:13; 2Thessalonians 2:13,14; Titus 3:3, 4, 5; James 1:18; 1Peter 2:9,10)

God Who has mercy– The present tensesignifies He never lacks for mercy. It a continual attribute of His character

Romans 9:17  For the Scripturesaysto Pharaoh, “FOR THISVERYPURPOSE I RAISEDYOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATEMY POWERIN YOU, AND THAT MY NAMEMIGHT BE PROCLAIMEDTHROUGHOUTTHE WHOLEEARTH.A double proof: God raised up Pharaoh as a means to demonstrate God’s saving redeeming power. Exodus 10:1,2; 14:17,18; 15:14,15; 18:10,11; Joshua 2:9,10; 9:9; 1 Samuel 4:8) (John 17:26)

God Who has mercy– The present tensesignifies He never lacks for mercy. It a continual attribute of His character

Romans 9:18  SothenHe hasmercyon whomHe desires, and He hardenswhomHe desires. Equal true: There is no violation with God’s righteous character at all in His acts of mercy or harden. (Ro 1:24,-28; 11:7,8; Exodus 4:21; 7:13; Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; Isaiah 63:17; Matthew 13:14,15; Acts 28:2- 28; 2Thessalonians 2:10- 12)

Romans 9:19  You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?” Okay you may ask, if all this is true let me ask then: “Why then does God still blame us?” How then can God blame us for anything? (Ro 3:8; 1Corinthians 15:12,35; James 1:13) (Ro 3:5, 6, 7; Genesis 50:20; 2Chronicles 20:6; Job 9:12, 13, 14, 15,19; 23:13,14; Psalms 76:10; Isaiah 10:6,7; 46:10,11; Daniel 4:35; Mark 14:21; Acts 2:23; 4:27,28)

Romans 9:20  On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it?(Ro 2:1; Micah 6:8; 1Corinthians 7:16; James 2:20) (Job 33:13; 36:23; 38:2,3; 40:2,5,8; 42:2, 3, 4, 5, 6; Matthew 20:15) (Job 16:3; Titus 2:9; 1Corinthians 1:20; 1Timothy 6:5)(Isaiah 29:16; 45:9-11) Who are you to answer back to God? Who are you to argue with God? To question God? Can man say to its maker…why? Who is man to question God.? Yes it is true this information is beyond your ability to understand, and that is why you don’t get it. The human mind can’t understand God’s ways. We live by faith not by logic. Not by reason. Reason will go so far than stop. Believe God by faith. If God is God He can’t be wrong or unjust, or unrighteous.

Romans 9:21  Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another * for common use? (Ro 9:11,18; Proverbs 16:4; Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:3, 4, 5, 6) (Ro 9:22,23; Jeremiah 22:28; Hosea 8:8; Acts 9:15; 2Timothy 2:20,21

It is not said that we are as clay in the potter’s hands, but that God has the right over us that the potter has over his clay. One lump the potter can use for a splendid vase; another for a vessel for base uses.

Thus all are lost and destined for perdition. God does not have to choose them for hell. They are already headed there because of their inherent and imputed sin and the sins they commit.

God in His sovereignty chooses some to be vessels of mercy and with the others exhibits a long fuse even though He has every right to destroy them. The vessels of wrath are not foreordained by God or chosen by God to go to hell. They prepare themselves for their ultimate destiny, which they receive because they have rejected the truth about God and His righteousness

Romans 9:22  What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction ? (Ro 9:17; 1:18; 2:4,5; Exodus 9:16; Psalms 90:11; Proverbs 16:4; Revelation 6:16,17)

What if God, although fully intending to show [the awfulness of] His wrath and to make known His power and authority, has tolerated with much patience the vessels (objects) of [His] anger which are ripe for destruction? (Amplified)

Paul introduces a statement of fact in the form of a rhetorical question. “Willing” (2309) speaks of divine intention, not passive resignation. God could justifiably destroy sinners the first time they sin. But He patiently endures their rebellion rather than giving them what every sin immediately deserves…death and eternal punishment. His wrath will be clearly demonstrated in the day of judgment at the Great White Throne.

Paul is not teaching that God took vessels and prepared them for destruction. These vessels (from the same lump) were themselves prepared for destruction. For example, as discussed earlier, Pharaoh heard God’s Word and clearly saw God’s mighty power and yet he steadfastly refused to bow his knee to God, thus “fitting” (preparing) himself for destruction.

We must never think that God enjoyed watching a tyrant like Pharaoh. He endured it. God said to Moses, “I have surely seen the affliction of My people… and have heard their cry… for I know their sorrows” (Ex3:7). The fact that God was long-suffering indicates that He gave Pharaoh opportunities to be saved (see 2Pe3:9).

Romans 9:23  And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,  ( (Ro 2:4; 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6, 7, 8,18; 2:4,7,10; 3:8,16; Colossians 1:27; 2Thessalonians 1:1-12) (1Chronicles 29:18; Luke 1:17; Ephesians 2:-5; Colossians 1:12; 1Thessalonians 5:9; 2Thessalonians 2:13,14; 2Timothy 2:21; Titus 3:- 7; 1Peter 1:2- 5)

God endured these Vessels of Wrath and did not destroy them immediately. Why has God endured them with much patience all these years? He had a purpose — in order to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy. We fail to view the truths about God’s sovereignty in salvation from His perspective but usually choose to view it from man’s vantage point presupposing that we have rights, and forgetting that God can do as He pleases and be justified no matter what He does.

When God looks down on mankind, He sees all men under sin (Ro5:12 all are in Adam and in desperate condition & need for His mercy & compassion). In view of that truth what does He have the right to do? Obviously as the Sovereign Creator He has the justifiable right to condemn all mankind to an eternal hell because all are sinners. If you think that this would make God an unfair Judge, then think back for a moment to what Paul taught in Romans 1.


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