The Teaching of the Word Charles e Whisnant

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IS THERE NO JUSTICE WITH GOD?

Charles e Whisnant, Landscaper, Teacher,

May 26, 2013

Romans 9:15-18

WHAT SHALL WE SAY THEN THERE IS NO INJUSTICE (unrighteousness) WITH GOD IS THERE:

  • Paul anticipates a human reaction to God’s choice of Jacob over Esau. Paul anticipates men judging God and accusing God of unjust. And yet we know from studying God’s attributes that He is always fair. He is never unjust in His essence. So here we see where human logic comes to a “logical” but wrong conclusion.

  • Injustice (93) ( from a = negates what follows + dike = right) describes the condition of not being right. Adikia describes unrighteousness of heart and life resulting in wrongdoing. It can describe a  deed violating law and justice.

  • He is going to say that it is not a matter of injustice but a matter of mercy. God sovereignly (See God’s attribute Sovereignty) has mercy (see God’s attribute Mercy) on who He will although all deserve His wrath (see God’s attribute Wrath).

15 FOR HE SAYS TO MOSES I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY:(Ro 9:16,18,19; Ex 33:19; 34:6,7; Isaiah 27:11; Micah 7:18)

AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION:

  • Compassion (3627) (oikteiro) is used only here in Scripture and means to exercise pity or to have compassion on as one is moved or motivated by sympathy
    Mercy (eleeo) expresses the heart motivation and compassion  (oikteiro)  the manifestation of that feeling.

16 SO THEN IT DOES NOT DEPEND ON THE MAN WHO WILLS OR THE MAN WHO RUNS

  • This is a picture of human thinking and striving as seen in John’s description of those who became children of God by faith and…who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. (John 1:12,13)

  • Did you come to God because you wanted to come to God? You would not have even wanted to unless God had placed that desire in your heart to even want Him. So it is not because you actively willed & purposed or resolved to come to God.

BUT ON GOD WHO HAS MERCY: (Ro 9:11; Genesis 27:1, 2, 3, 4,9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14; Psalms 110:3; Isaiah 65:1; Matthew 11:25,26; Luke 10:21; John 1:12,13; 3:8; 1Corinthians 1:26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31; Ephesians 2:4,5; Philippians 2:13; 2Thessalonians 2:13,14; Titus 3:3, 4, 5; James 1:18; 1Peter 2:9,10)

  • God Who has mercy – The present tense signifies He never lacks for mercy. It a continual attribute of His character

  • It is not man’s choice or pursuit but God who initiates mercy for the sinner. Salvation is never initiated by human choice or merited by zealous human effort. It always begins in God’s sovereign, gracious, and eternal will. Those who receive God’s mercy receive it solely by His grace.

17 FOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU:

  • Paul does say “for this very purpose I created you”. Out of a mass of unregenerate mankind God raises up a man who had suppressed the truth, who refused to give God thanks and honor, exchanging His truth for the lie and who was therefore without excuse (Ro 1:20, 21note).

  • God This is who God called forth (almost as one would do in a play) on to the stage of world history (His story) saying in essence “I will use you to demonstrate my power.” It is not as if Pharaoh had said I want to believe in You and be saved. In fact when Pharaoh is faced with the clear demonstration of God’s power and refuses to bow down, instead becoming becoming hardened. And Pharaoh is used for God’s purposes to deliver many from bondage

AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH: (Exodus 10:1,2; 14:17,18; 15:14,15; 18:10,11; Joshua 2:9,10; 9:9; 1 Samuel 4:8) (John 17:26)

18 SO THEN HE HAS MERCY ON WHOM HE DESIRES (on whomever He chooses, on whom He wants to have mercy): (Ro 9:15,16; 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6)

  • Here the general conclusion is drawn from all the Apostle had said in the three preceding verses, in denying that God was unrighteous in loving Jacob and hating Esau. It exhibits the ground of God’s dealings both with the elect and the reprobate. It concludes that His own sovereign pleasure is the rule both with respect to those whom He receives, and those whom He rejects. He pardons one and hardens another, without reference to anything but His own sovereign will, in accordance with His infinite wisdom, holiness, and justice. ‘Even so, Father,’ said our blessed Lord, ‘for so it seemed good in Thy sight.’ God is not chargeable with any injustice in electing some and not others; for this is an act of mere mercy and compassion, and that can be no violation of justice.

  • That mighty act of God in delivering Israel from bondage in Egypt demonstrated two great truths. He delivered Israel to exhibit His sovereign mercy on [those] whom He desires, and He raised up and destroyed Pharaoh to exhibit the corollary truth that He hardens those whom He desires. Only His divine desire determines which it will be.

AND HE HARDENS WHOM HE DESIRES: Ro 1:24, 25, 26, 27, 28; 11:7,8; Exodus 4:21; 7:13; Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; Isaiah 63:17; Matthew 13:14,15; Acts 28:26, 27, 28; 2Thessalonians 2:10, 11, 12)

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