Romans 9:9-13 Bound By The Lord’s Purpose


ROMANS 9:6-13

Pastor/Teacher Charles e Whisnant April 28 2013

Romans 9:9 For this is the word of promise: “AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON.”

  • Genesis 17:21; 18:10, 14; Hebrews 11:11; 12:17

PROMISE (1860) to tell, declare) originally referred to an announcement or declaration (especially of a favorable message). Mention 53 times in the KJV

  • Paul is reminding his readers that God’s choice is not based on natural descent. Isaac’s  birth is supernatural and represents God’s sovereign choice.

TIME (2540) (kairos means a point of time or period of time, time, period, frequently with the implication of being especially fit for something and without emphasis on precise chronology. It means a moment or period as especially appropriate the right, proper, favorable time (at the right time). Refers to a specific and often predetermined period or moment of time and so views in terms of events.

Romans 9:10 And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived * twins by one man, our father Isaac

  • Romans 5:3,11; Genesis 25:21-23

AND NOT ONLY THIS: – The connective “and” indicates Paul is giving another example to illustrate his point.

BY ONE MAN OUR FATHER ISAAC: – Rebekah’s children had one and the same father.

  • Paul’s point is that unlike Ishmael and Isaac who were of a single father, but two mothers, Esau and Jacob had one mother and one father and that furthermore, they were twins conceived in the same act of union .

Romans 9:11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that God’s purpose (according to His choice would stand, not because of works but because of Him who calls, (kjv: election rather than choice. )

  • Romans 4:17; Psalms 51:5, Ephesians 2:3
  • GOOD:(18) (agathos) means profitable, benefiting others, whereas the related word kalos means constitutionally good, but not necessarily benefiting others.
  • BAD OR EVIL (5337) (phaulos) [ worthless, bad or of no account. It describes the impossibility of any true gain ever coming forth. The notion of worthlessness is central to the meaning. Note the KJV (Textus Receptus) translates a different Greek word (kakos) which denotes a lack of something and thus that which is bad or not as it ought to be.

John 3:20;5:29; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Titus 2:8; James 3:16.


Romans 8:28-30; Isaiah 14:24-27; 23:9; 46:10-11; Jeremiah 51:29; Ephesians 1:9-11; 3:11; 2 Timothy 1:9; Ephesians 1:4-5; I Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Peter 1:10; Ephesians 2:9; Titus 3:5;

PURPOSE (4286)  (prothesis) from protíthemi = set before oneself and so to purpose or plan) means to plan in advance. It describes that which is planned or purposed in advance. Here it describes God’s intention beforehand. Matthew 14:4; Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4; Acts 11:23; 27:13; Ephesians 1:11.

  • speaks of the action of an individual setting before himself a proposed action. Thus, it presupposes deliberation upon a course of conduct, and then the determination to carry it through.

CHOICE Election (1589) (ekloge from eklegomai ) in turn from ek = out + lego = select, choose, eklegomai meaning to choose or select for oneself, but not necessarily implying rejection of what is not chosen.

  • Means literally a choosing out, a picking out, a selection or an election (2 Peter 1:10; I Thessalonians 1:4- referring to God’s selection of believers).
  • In the passive sense refers to God’s selection for a purpose or task. In other words it represents a special choice as when God referred to Paul as “my chosen instrument” (Acts 9:15). In Romans 11:28 choice speaks of God’s choice of Israel, who were selected by Him to carry out His specific plan of redemption for mankind.
  • In the context of Scripture ekloge speaks of election, the benevolent purpose of God by which any are chosen unto salvation so that they are led to embrace and persevere in Christ’s bestowed grace and the enjoyment of its privileges and blessings here and hereafter. Although not used in this way in the present context, ekloge, can describe election which is vocational. The Lord called out the tribe of Levi to be His priests, but Levites were not thereby guaranteed salvation. Jesus called twelve men to be apostles but only eleven of them to salvation. After Paul came to Christ because of God’s election to salvation, God then chose him in another way to be His special apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:15; Romans 1:5).


  • Ephesians 2:9; Titus 3:9, Calling: Romans 8:218; 1 Thessalonians 2:12, 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14; 1 Peter 5:10 and Revelation 17:14

NOT BECAUSE OF WORKS, BUT. – Literally the Greek reads “not out of works but out of the calling

  • In other words, it is not because of anything that man does within himself. In the current verse Esau and Jacob were not born so they could not have done anything yet. Man does not obtain salvation by his works. He cannot manipulate God by His works. God is sovereign in election and in salvation.
  • CALLS: in this content means “calls to salvation” . God’s call to salvation in the epistles of Paul and Peter is an “effectual” call so that in essence those who are called equates with those who are chosen (the elect).


  • (Genesis 25:22-23, 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 22:47)
  • SERVE:(1398) (douleuo from doulos = slave or one who is in bondage or bound to another, in the state of being completely controlled by someone or something) means to be in bondage or in the position of a servant and to act accordingly, dutifully obeying the master’s commands.


  • WRITTEN (1125) (grapho) is in the  perfect tense) which emphasizes the lasting and binding authority of that which was written. It has been written at some point in time in the past and it “stands” written.
  • God’s election is…Not based on natural descent Not based on works (good or bad) But According to His purpose


  • Malachi 1:2-3
  • LOVED: (verb) (25) (agapao) means to love unconditionally and sacrificially as God Himself loves sinful men (John 3:16), the way He loves the Son (John 3:35; 15:9;17:23-24). Also is a verb and by its verbal nature calls for action. This quality of love is not an emotion but is an action initiated by a volitional choice. And MacArhtur says: expresses the purest, noblest form of love, which is volitionally driven, not motivated by superficial appearance, emotional attraction, or sentimental relationship
  • JACOB I LOVED: – The Hebrew idiomatic phrase (according to Rienecker) can mean “I prefer Jacob to Esau”. In other words in context God choose Jacob even though Esau was the firstborn. Don’t forget though that Esau sold his birthright for a mess of porridge — he despised his birthright (Genesis 25:34)
  • HATE (3404) (miseo from misos = hatred) means to dislike strongly or to love less. However, God’s favor and blessing upon Jacob was so extensive that by comparison Esau would appear to be hated. The verse could be understood to mean that God has chosen Jacob to fulfill His elective purpose, but He has passed over Esau. Keep in mind that Esau rejected God. The divine rationale for this action is simply the elective purpose of God in Israel

Comment:  Let me say I do a lot of research for the lessons I must say I am not original very much. I gleam from Martyn Lloyd-Jones and John MacArthur, and have over the last 40 years.  My notes reflect my study from a number of resources.  But I would say as I view them when I am teaching,  I am original in how I will say what I am going to say, if that makes sense.  My notes could take 10 minutes to read and I will teach 40 minutes, thus much of what I say are not in my notes.  But what I do say, I have more than likely hear or read.

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